By Bola Bolawole
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Now that the President, Major-General Muhammadu Buhari (retired), has signed the Electoral Bill into law, it remains to be seen whether the new law will be the cure-all solution to the country’s electoral or election problems. But for intense public pressure, Buhari would most likely not have signed for the umpteenth time. What this shows is that Frederick Douglass is right when he posited that the people must fight for whatever freedom or rights they desire from their rulers. Fela was also right when he said the people must fight for the liberties they seek to enjoy. Even as he signed, the president also demanded that the National Assembly amend a portion of the new law that he considered offensive, a view that the Rivers State governor, Nyesom Wike, has lampooned as selfish and wicked. Laws alone do not make for just societies; the landscape of Nigeria is strewn with laws that are either not implemented or are simply not implementable. Elections are not about who votes, said Josef Stalin, but who counts the votes. Even that has changed, such that neither those who vote nor those who count the votes determine the winner here in Nigeria. How the new electoral law or e-voting will do the magic of delivering credible votes remains to be seen.
A trial, as they say, will convince – if not confuse – us! Electronic transfer of election results is a new terrain that this country has not travelled before, least of all mastered. Are we prepared? Are the relevant laws and processes in place? A Judge of the Kogi State Judiciary, Justice Alaba Omolaye-Ajileye, is an authority in this area and he has useful ideas that will make electronic voting achieve the desired results. I think we need to listen to him and do the needful before we begin, again, to rue what has befallen us. Justice Omolaye-Ajileye, in a paper delivered recently at a specialized training for prosecutors of environmental offences jointly organized by the Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (NIALS) and the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) in Abuja, called on heads of Courts in Nigeria to amend the rules of their courts to give room for the inclusion of electronic discovery (e-discovery).
In his paper captioned “Digital Evidence and E-Discovery in Prosecuting Environmental Cases”, Justice Omolaye-Ajileye stressed the importance of electronic discovery in litigations involving electronically-stored information (ESI) in this current age in facilitating effective administration of justice. He noted that “In this digital age characterized by the proliferation of digital devices which have facilitated the creation, storage, and communication of electronic information of all kinds, electronic discovery has become an essential and inevitable fabric of the litigation processes around the world.” According to the jurist, the emerging dominance of the information technology landscape will make the discovery of electronically-stored information (ESI) an increasingly-important tool to attain the truth in cases in our courts.
He added that with e-discovery, litigants can retrieve information from a wide range of electronic sources, including, but not limited to, social media accounts, messages, emails, documents or any other valuable data. He lamented that only the National Industrial Court has provisions guiding e-discovery in the court’s civil procedure rules while what other courts have are provisions for the inspection and discovery of hardcopy documents, which he said falls short of the requirements of e-discovery.
Justice Omolaye-Ajileye considered this a great gap that demands urgent attention because, according to him, the “primary duty of the judex, through its rules, is to provide an enabling environment that will facilitate and enhance the attainment of justice”. Speaking on the forthcoming general election, he added that the call for the incorporation of e-discovery in court rules has become more relevant and inevitable as we approach an election where, hopefully, the enabling law would provide for electronic storage and transmission of election results from polling units to collation centres.
He explained that just in the same way the extant rules of election petition tribunals provide for the inspection of election materials such as ballot papers and result sheets of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), attention will surely be focused on how to access and retrieve electronically stored results transmitted by INEC to establish or test the veracity or otherwise of the results that may be announced, a process which litigants are entitled to access. He, therefore, called on the appropriate authorities such as INEC, the Federal High Court, and the Court of Appeal to begin to give careful and serious thought to issues of e-discovery as these may dominate electoral litigations in the forthcoming election.
Food for thought! So, before we walk straight into the quagmire of e-voting and electronic transfer of results, we should plug all loopholes and be ready such that, in solving a problem, we do not create another.
RE: Ekiti: APC, PDP primaries of controversies
I need to correct some wrong notions here, Sir. I have never been and will never be a godson of anybody. I made it clear in my interview with Okinbaloye of Channels TV in 2018 that I don’t have a godfather but only God the Father. That (former Governor Ayo) Fayose supported me in the gubernatorial contest of 2018 does not translate to godfather/godson relationship. I have long been warned divinely against this type of relationship. This is also a personal revelation which I don’t expect any other person to understand or believe. I was never against the adoption of Bisi Kolawole by Fayose. It is his constitutional right and (it is) personal to him. What I stood against was Fayose’s desire for me to step down, as expressed by his several indirect utterances and actions. Individuals have reasons for taking part in the contest. For me, I have the conviction of further roles in serving my people through politics. Throughout 2020 and 2021, I was involved with Covenant University as a Visiting Professor at the Department of Building; I have also been involved in so many other academic activities, including accreditation and professorial assessment exercises; so I have not abandoned my first love. That I chose not to go back to OAU is a personal decision. Let it be on record that I was the first to call Bisi Kolawole to congratulate him. There is nothing like an ill feeling. My supporters have been encouraged to key in and support our party’s candidate. – Prof. Kolapo Olusola Eleka.
Your article on ASUU, including the brief reference on Professor Ibiyemi Olatunji-Bello’s plan for LASU as the incumbent Vice-chancellor of the institution, and your student Work Study experience at Great Ife (University of Ife) now OAU, ought to be given wider circulation in ASUU circles, among other universities and their students generally. Why? Because there are so many lessons to learn from the exposition. First, you gave unassailable statistics on ASUU strike strategies between 1999 and 2022. It seems that strikes have been ineffectual to the ASUU cause and no hope in the horizon that future strikes will change things for the better. Instead of engaging in a wild goose chase and repetitive strike actions and expecting a different result, ASUU should change tactics as you rightly suggested. The students who bear the brunt of ASUU strikes year-in, year-out ought to be mobilised to fight the cause against an uncaring government. It is obvious that their future is being tampered with by the incessant strikes that yield no results. Let the students mobilise themselves into a pressure group to jolt the government to do something positive about their plight. They are the country’s future. The incumbent LASU Vice Chancellor, no doubt, has in stock novel ideas for LASU under her watch. However, such lofty ideas remain a pipe dream until they are accomplished in reality. Like they say, some things are easier said than done! Bad belle, under funding, and deliberate obstacles are the Nigerian factors, the unseen hands responsible for the derailment of many well-intentioned programmes in our climate. Therefore, for now, let us put (her lofty plans) under the realm of “ceteris paribus” and pray for the VC for a successful first term tenure at LASU. Now to your experience as a work study programme recipient at Great Ife: Giving a vivid account of your bitter-sweet experience under the programme will definitely have a positive impact on the mindsets of the new generations of university students in Nigeria. They would begin to realise that work study is to their benefit, it should not be derided, more so when there is a near-zero alternative to the bargain. In my university days at Rutgers University in Newbrunswick, New Jersey, USA, I was a beneficiary of the Departmental Work Study Programme as a Research Assistant to a renowned professor of Urban Planning. Apart from the monetary gain, the invaluable gain is the wider knowledge I gained while working with my principal. Such invaluable knowledge endures till date in my career as a Planner. The point I am trying to make is that the Work Study Programme is a win-win adventure in a lot of cases, either tangible or intangible. – Yacoob Abiodun, Chicago, USA.
* Former Editor of PUNCH newspapers and Chairman, Editorial Board, BOLAWOLE writes the TREASURES column in the New Telegraph newspaper and the ON THE LORD’S DAY column in the Sunday Tribune newspaper. He is also a public affairs analyst on radio and television.